Into The Air

The Official Blog of Backyard Chirper

How to protect your feeders from hungry hawks

Cooper's Hawk

Courtesy of H. Gilbert Miller

If you’ve ever owned a bird feeder, you’ve probably seen this sad and alarming scene. Near one of your bird feeders is a bunch of feathers strewn all over the place as if there was a major kerfuffle. Even though you might hope that it’s simply the result of birds molting their feathers, you know that one of your precious backyard birds was plucked from the sky by a bigger bird of prey.

While you likely put out feeders to provide food for birds, you probably didn’t mean that way. Sure it’s a part of nature, but it’s not something you necessarily want to happen on your watch. Fortunately, there are a number of things you can do to discourage birds of prey from using your bird feeder as a place for easy pickings.

Gimme shelter

Just like The Rolling Stones, all the birds want when they’re being targeted by hawks is some shelter. There are a few ways you accomplish this. You can put your feeders near shrubbery and bushes to give birds a quick place to hide in the event of an attack. You can put a cover over the top of the feeder. Here’s what Jim Wright at recommends as another option:

Similarly, I have placed an old owl nesting box near the base of the feeders to provide an air-raid shelter when hawks are hunting.

Be mindful of where you place the feeder

I’ve talked about this at length in other posts, but it’s essential to keep in mind where you place your backyard feeder. It’s almost an art because of how many things you have to take into consideration. For example, a big danger to birds when there’s a hawk attack is windows. In the panic to disperse, birds may accidentally fly into windows, so don’t put your feeders too close to them. Also, make sure there are no great vantage points for hawks to look down at the feeder and formulate a plan of attack.

Put wire cages around the feeder

A wire cage around the feeder gives birds protection against hawks and keeps invasive species like blackbirds or squirrels from getting your seed or suet. Caged feeders usually only allow smaller birds to access the food and keep away unwanted hawks.

Remove food sources for hawks

If your backyard is filled with delicious mice and voles, hawks will be naturally drawn to your yard and will ultimately target your backyard birds. In certain areas, it’s hard to get rid of a hawk’s favorite food, but you should definitely try if you’re having a major problem.

Temporarily take down the feeders

As a last resort, if the hawk attacks are persisting, consider taking down your feeders for a while. This will disperse the birds and cause any hawks to move on from your backyard. It’s recommended you leave them down for two weeks to a month.

Don’t be cruel!

If you’re reading this blog, I don’t have to tell you not to shoot or trap hawks that might be targeting your feeders. Not only is it illegal, but it’s also plain wrong. Another thing you should avoid is releasing cats to discourage hawks because they will have unintended consequences on your backyard’s ecosystem and potentially kill more birds than the hawks!


Tiny bird makes huge journey every year


Controversial plan calls for killing one species to save another


  1. Thank you, this is good information. I have been feeding the back yard birds for over 20 years.

  2. Julie

    I get really upset when my doves live through minus 30 Celsius just to be eaten by hawks in the spring. I wish there was a real solution to keep hawks away from by yard.

    • Timothy Martinez Jr.

      Yes, it’s sad, but that’s also nature. There are things you can do, but in the end, hawks need to eat too.

    • Roosky

      Exactly what I was thinking. It’s so sadthete were 17 Mourning doves in the brush in our backyard during the blizzard. They were not even protected and they managed to stay alive then today a hawk came thru and grabbed one. I know the hawks have to eat too and they are beautiful birds, I just feel bad that I’m a part of this awful scene.

  3. Bobbi

    The thing is, they don’t snatch birds off of feeders- they take those eating off the ground. So I don’t see how a cage around the feeder helps with hawks, though it might help keep squirrels off the feeder.
    I keep looking for some type of umbrella cover over a feeder pole. ?

    • ElleD

      That’s what I always thought, too, Bobbi. Two weeks ago, I watched a Cooper’s Hawk appear & snatch a blue jay from a suet feeder. That poor jay screamed & screamed as the hawk plucked his feathers out one by one. I learned recently from a falconer that not only do hawks need to eat, but they also are most likely to catch birds that are slow, weak or ill, thus preventing the spread of disease among songbirds & preventing those with undesirable traits from passing those characteristics on. Still, it’s hard to watch. I love feeding & watching the birds, but very few have returned since that incident…

      • Cheryl Ann

        We had a scrub jay in our neighborhood for nearly 4 years until, yup…Cooper’s hawk got him! He was SMART (the jay)! He would watch for me to drive into the driveway and then show up for his peanuts! I miss him. We now have 2 Cooper’s hawks. I’m going out now and put tree branches next to my feeders and some shrubbery for them.

    • Ellie kahn

      thank you for this — I Googled after a hawk hit the window by my office — have no idea if he had anything in his mouth, but I’ve been feeding lots of doves, on the ground in my yard. (I’m insane enough that I have placed umbrellas over much of the yard to hide them from hawks… no feeders. It’s good to remember that this is just nature, but I confess that I get really emotional about it all. I have 2 doves nesting on my patio and worry a lot that one will become dinner for the local hawks. I’ll stop putting out birdseed for a while… and remember that I can’t control everything. darn.

      • Barb F.

        Do you mean actual rain umbrellas? I’m having the same problem with my ground feeding doves, they are being desimated by the hawk. This hawk has been around forever., and since the neighbors trimmed their tree, she has the perfect birds eye view.
        I’m going to try the umbrella .

      • Nanette

        Hi – I’ve watched a number of my beautiful mourning doves get devoured by a Coopers Hawk this week – and I’m curious, do you think the umbrellas have helped? and how do you keep them in place – from wind, etc?
        I’m thinking I will try it as I can barely stand to see more feather piles by my front porch.
        So sad – wish the hawks would kill off the sick and injured birds only.

      • Laurie Van Deusen

        Ellie, you described me to a t…..thank you it made me feel not alone in my thinking anymore. I “had” 10 doves now there are 3 and some born on a half wall on my porch.
        I’ve tried the dead branch pile under the feeders but the Cooper’s hawk is not giving up. I may stop feeding the birds for a couple of weeks. The weather is suppose to go easy the next month. Thank you for your comment.

        • Laurie Van Deusen

          I wonder if wire fencing formed into an arch, get two 6 to 8+foot sections and crisscross them over one another to make a dome. Fencing could have large to smaller holes, nothing too small so as the birds would get stuck…and the feeder pole could come up through the center.

    • J

      They DO take birds off of feeders. I watched it happen at a feeder next to my patio door.

    • Deb

      Cooper Hawks do in fact snatch from feeders. Unfortunately I lost a male Cardinal that had been happily living in a tree & normally came for his last feeding right before sunset..,:today he was in the feeder & the Cooper Hawk snatched my little buddy right up! He did this while I was watching the Cardinal eat.

  4. maria

    I have also placed owl and hawk decoys for the Hawks as well and they seemed to work pretty good I have to them in my backyard the bird still come around but the Hawks I think twice these because I have actually swing back and forth and they have like real life movements so I haven’t had a hot issue in my backyard for about 2 years and I used to have at least one week so works great for me

  5. maria

    I also have two massive umbrellas that totally cover the bird feeder and the Hawks have no way of getting and I have totally blocked it

  6. yvette

    Adding to the above, hawks sweep down and snatch the doves who walk along the wall, near the feeder. The finches fly away but slow moving doves have no chance. Heartbreaking to witness. I’m removing feeder for a few days in the hopes of hawk deciding to hunt elsewhere. 🙁

  7. Lisa Moreno

    I too had to take my feeder down. My neighbor who’s house is a little lower on the hill has a much better feeder for the birds only because his house is at a lower level so it gives the birds a better view of incoming hawks for them to flee. Im thrilled the success my neighbor has so at least the birds get feed but I’m sad because I miss the beautiful songs the birds around would sing when they were happy with the feeder.
    I do love the beauty of a hawk but wish they would only prey on rodents not other birds. With us being on hills we do have plenty of lizards and mice but the hawks will take what they can get if its an easy target. I thank God i have never visual seen it happen, I would cry for days!

  8. Suzi

    A large hawk just killed a rabbit in my garden … it breaks my heart. I have built a sanctuary for the birds by attaching three large metal arbors together and covering the entire structure in chicken wire. I keep the feeders and birdbath inside, and one of the arbors has a double dutch door that opens so that I can go in to fill the feeder and clean the birdbath. It really does help, but it’s not foolproof. I am now growing a climbing vine to cover the enclosure so that the hawk can’t see the birds inside. There are often 20 or 30 birds in the sanctuary at a time. Now I need to devise a way to protect the rabbits! In the summer, there is plenty of cover for them in the garden, but at this time of year, the garden is bare … perhaps more low-growing evergreen bushes would help.

    • Rosemary DiGiovanni

      Hi Suzi. I have lost many songbirds and doves to the Hawks that perch in the tall trees of my backyard. I have many feeders and birdhouses and bird bath and I even have a resident pileated woodpecker. I am now thinking the only solution is to build the birds a protected space in the form of an aviary. Would you be willing to share a photo or any suggestions you have for me to share with my handyman? Thank you.

  9. My feeder is far away from the window but there is a bush near by . I watched the beautiful mail cardinal attacked by the hawk sitting on the top of the that bush. In a panic he acctidantly flew into the window, fell down on the ground. I was too late. The hawk picked him up.
    It was heart braking to watch.
    Birds gather arround the feeding area and can be snatched not even being near the feeder. I don’t know how to prezent it.

  10. CHUCK


  11. Denise

    My husband put up 8 rails from post and rail fencing we haven’t finished. Upright in a broad teepee formation. About 4-5′ between each rail. We live by woods so hawks watch from everywhere but one flew down and quickly pulled out to avoid the rails. Our birds were hesitant at first but love it.

  12. Bonnie

    I just recently seen a red tailed beastard get a huge wood pecker in my yard and was trying to kill him. I ran out and tried to kill the hawk; to which the wood pecker took off free and the hawk also took off. I have a bird feeder and have noticed that all my song birds are disappearing . I got news for you “hawk saviors”. The hawks are going to bite the dust. There’s too many of them in this area and the song birds are diminishing fast.

    • C. P. Merritt

      I know the Hawks are protected by law, but the information I read said if there is an urban over run of Hawks contact the U.S. Fish and game and they can help.
      I am having the same problem. We now have a young cooper hawk that will actually just come and sit on the feeders.
      I read that one hawk will eat 1 bird a day!
      I know my rabbits are less I always blamed the foxes, but now I really believe it is the hawk.
      One last note: the one thing the Cooper hawk really dislikes are people. I plan on spending more time this summer planting shrubs and some kind of cover. The song birds i feed everyday don’t seem to mind me when I am out working in the yard.
      I will also say that Feeding my Birds keeps the mosquito population down to almost none. So I want to help the birds who are helping me.

    • CaptJ

      Agreed, Bonnie.

    • Jocelyn Shelton

      Thank you for saving that little Woodpecker! I had to chase one off today, too. I’m scared for my songbirds birds…

  13. Demetri

    I agree with bonnie. These damn laws need to come to an end. Ive only been feeding birds and songbirds for only a few months and have already had emcounters with a sharp shinned, 2 coopers, and a red tail. Its fricking ridiculous. Every hawk that is protected is opverpopulated, and there nowhere near threatened, every bird species I feed including titmice, chicadees, cardinals, sparrows, blue jays, etc, is threatened, endangered, near extinct like the woodpeckers, oron the watchlist. Humans have taken away so much habitat from birds that it leaves them with barely any food. By me feeding them im helping them survive to mate and reproduce, and I cant because in my very small yard, I have 4 hawks and 2 cats trying to kill all my birds. This morning I had to scare a cat away from the brush pile. A few days ago the sharpshinned was using a fence vine to perch amd wait for the birds to forget hes there so he can grab kne of them. Hes lucky my pellet gun doesmt work because I wouldve killed him. I only have sparrows now that hide in the brush pile all day amd I put food in there. I used to have like 30 blue jays now only 4 to 6 come but quick, not to hog up the peanuts like they usually do. It makes me sad that all I want to do is help these birds numbers grow. But we have overpopulated hawks annoying us. IF THESE LAWS CAME TO AN END HAWKS WILL BE AFRAID TO GO NEAR HUMANS PROPERTY. CAUSE THERES A CHANCE THEY WILL BE KILLED OR SHOT AT. IF YOU GUYS WANT TO conserve nature we meed to conserve the birds too not just the predators. That’s bull shit. Pretty soon I will start killing them when I get my bb gun fixed its not right. Amd unnatural for them to sit around all day in 1 spot waiting for a easy meal. Ill show you a easy bullet to your face!! Change this law seriouslybit meeds tobcome to an end!!!

  14. LRD

    Only REAL bird and nature lovers love hawks and birds of prey. People on here who whine about hawks are immature emotionally or refuse to accept that the alternative is starving, overpopulated species that imperil and crush other species. I capture non-native species of birds like the introduced from European English House SParrows and Starlings with my remote control trap and destroy them. I do this to protect these introduced species from bludgeoning native eggs and baby wrens, bluebirds and other Native American songbird species. If you do not believe me, simply search for “English House Sparrows killing American song bird chicks.” Please EDUCATE yourself before posting weepy fairytale pleas to save the pigeons from birds of prey !

    • BPD

      I’m sorry, LRD, you are not a bird and nature lover. Killing starlings and sparrows is cruel and malicious. I am very upset by hawks getting birds and animals in my yard, too, but I would never think to kill them because it’s simply wrong.

    • charlene

      really??? not bird / nature lovers?? I guess you like seeing other birds & nature killed in your backyard..i understand they need to eat…but I don’t want my feathered friends that I choose to feed killed in my yard

    • CaptJ

      LRD, probably a good idea to speak about yourself instead of the bird watchers. Personally, I think you are way too “kill” happy however, common logic seems to me that “real” bird watchers would not want any bird killed. First, they would most likely say it’s part of the food chain and/or second, they would rather see aggressive birds controlled by some other means. Here is an idea for you though. Try trapping rodents. They would be more fun for you! And, you can EDUCATE yourself on ” the day and life of a rodent”!

    • Henderly

      >Complains about people wanting to save birds from hawks
      >Kills sparrows to save song birds

      Okay, bud.

  15. charlene

    do the “hawk” scarecrows work??

  16. Joyce Stedman

    Please can’t someone tell me what to do to save my birds? I live in a condo upstairs and the hawk comes and set’s on my balcony I don’t have anywhere else to put my feeder birds are not coming now😖

    • RSS

      We just had another hawk show up a couple times today, and now have a pile of feathers on the ground. I know that we’ve seen crows get together to chase hawks out of our yard, and they even warn other birds when they’re around. Here’s an article on how to attract crows, which I plan to do. They really are smart creatures.

      • Rlm

        Except crows prey on all the other birds by snatching babies while nesting and eats them. Blue jays and cardinals do too to some extent. Not sure that fixes or even helps the issue at hand of protecting birds from predators aka Hawks. attracting more ( then are present already) of the kind of bird that already eats other bird’s young would be seemingly counter productive to this conversation.

  17. Bob

    I learned a long time ago that if you are going to put up bird feeders, you cannot pick and choose what types of birds to feed. By adding the feeders in your yard really means you are feeding the hawks. Sounds horrible but it’s a fact. It drives me crazy to see a pile of feathers in the yard because I know what happened and it only happened because I am attracting the hawks. I am going to build some type of solid cover to at least give the song birds a fighting chance. Hawks eat birds, that is how they live but we don’t have to make it easier for them..

  18. David

    Just witnessed the same thing happen here at my feeders. All the birds de were just a singing whil flying in and out when suddenly there was this swooshing sound and a sharp shinned hawk snatched a beautiful female cardinal from the air trying to fly away. I was sitting on the deck not more than 15 yards from the feeders. I like some of the ideas some of you have mentioned, especially the umbrellas.

  19. Cyn

    What do I do when my husband and I have hawks fly over our heads, or while trying to get a bird, almost hits us! The increased population is getting worse and well one day I am worried that accidentally they will hurt us. Any suggestions? I love the chicken wire enclosure idea, been working on that.

  20. Pam C

    I know from these post that we really love our birds but I think maybe less birds get killed if we stop feeding the Bird’s and let them find food in the wilderness maybe they don’t pile up so much and they have more bushes to hide in?? I think I might stop feeding in late spring when all weeds give seeds?? It’s so painful to see😥

    • Emily

      Problem is , there is not enough wilderness for them to feed in because we continue to cut it down to build houses , etc .

  21. Maria

    I’ve begun feeding my birds in- near shrubbs- making it difficult for the hawk to do a fast dive-swoop-grab, try concealing the birdseed making it difficult for the hawks for a clean sweep in and out quickly!!

  22. Sakiko

    I am feeding zebra doves in my yard and free my pet dove. I worry about hawks. I thinking about buying owl statue on the roof. Doesn’t it scare of dove?

  23. DAN

    Who controls the over population of Peregrine Falcons. They were introduced to MN to keep the pigeon population down but eat Cardinals, sparrows, Junco’s and Chickadee’s and any other native bird? There needs to be control of all hawks and falcons! The population of natural small birds is declining. I see less and less every year. I give my birds protection with bushes and small trees and a fenced in yard. Don’t tell me it is a natural way of life for birds when you restock Falcons and Hawks every year. If, your going to restock hawks and falcon’s to control pigeons I strongly suggest that you restock Cardinals, Chickadee’s. Junco’s and all other small birds!!!!!!!!!

    • Sandy Otis

      I totally agree. In fort Wayne, our city has no pigeons do to the fact that we breed falcons downtown. But the Cooper hawk has really taken over. My beautiful cardinals are gone, and my blue jays are going. I am going to build a avery around the bushes that the birds run to . We have a policeman in our backyard who is has the D&R watching our neighbor guy, for shooting his pellet gun at geese.( We have a pond in our backyard) The policeman said he would video tape us if we tried anything. Running out of options.

  24. Pam Begoske

    I take my feeders down in the Winter because I have 4 Yorkiepoo dogs that are 8 lb each and a hawk could carry one away. Unfortunately it did happen to my friend’s 12 lb dog. Now I am more aware and look in the sky when I am outside with them.

  25. Chris Augustine

    I live in the suburbs with a large feeding operation in a small yard. I’ve been feeding birds for almost 40 years. I did not start having a hawk problem until about 15 years ago; in the last 7 it 8 years, it has mushroomed exponentially. It is very frustrating. We have multiple daily kills. I had a Cooper’s in my garage the other day, lying in wait. The males are insane; they’ll dive right into bushes right after the birds like a word-class swimmer. We have planted lots of cover for the birds and other wildlife, as well as have put up a brushpile. In the winter, we also buy two or three live Christmas trees and place those strategically. They do help a lot. Instant cover! My husband props some up on stakes, so they’re just like a real, growing tree; and then some we lay on their sides, depending on what kind of cover we’re trying to offer. It’s not a perfect solution, but it does give the birds and animals at least a fighting chance (as someone else here said). They also provide windbreaks. Then, after Christmas, when our neighbors start putting them out at the curb for trash pickup, we nab a few more that way. The trees last just fine until the next fall. As they get older, the woodpeckers love them for their sap and insects. We also put up a couple owl boxes that at least some of them can use for shelter, plus we have regular nesting and roosting boxes up for both birds and squirrels. We also put the deterrents on the windows, although they still do hit them. They also hit the side of the house, side of the shed, etc. Then, somebody ends up injured, and the hawks patiently wait around, twiddling their thumbs, and get them later. The number of window crashes has decreased, though, since using the deterrents. Those are the measures we take. It’s a constant battle with the hawks, but they know very well they’re definitely NOT my favorites (not that they care; they’ll come right down and buzz my head as they come zooming by).

  26. Richard

    I have had trouble with hawks for about 6 months now. I have a bird feeder right near a back kitchen window so I can watch them when I have breakfast. Feeder isn’t too close to window and feeder is under a smaller tree offering cover. There are also low shrubs near feeder. This hawk sometimes hides in a higher shrub then pounces on feeding birds at this feeder. Some type of cover would be good but chicken wire may trap fleeing birds. Not sure what type of cover to use but I find everybody’s suggestions a good way to keep thinking and planning of how to take care of these great little birds who keep us company. What about artificial branches from a Christmas tree spread over and around feeder? May help??? Richard.

  27. Laurie Van Deusen

    Thank you everyone for your comments. I found some leftover reinforcement wire sections from my concrete flooring project(buy from wire/foam construction supplies businesses for the concrete trade, they’ll sell to the public) and have propped them against the bottom of my feeders making a teepee for one and more of an open ended 3′ high x 4’wide x 6′ long box around my other feeder. I can still reach up and over to fill feeders and can dismantle if I need to mow this summer etc. I think this will work!! the seed from the feeder drops through the 5″ square hole mesh, the birds are using it as a perch , my squirrels, rabbits, and chipmunks can get in the open ends and all seem to be escaping ok. Haven’t seen if this gives my raccoon and skunk visitors a boost up to the feeders that are 7′ off the ground with the pipe guards. Keep you posted.

  28. Dawn K

    I have a pine Bush next to my front porch where I sit and watch my birds feed and water. There are average of 50-70 birds in the pine at any given time. Recently hawks have begun sitting in close trees on the property just waiting for the birds. Most often the hawks fly straight into the pine tree to snatch a bird. I’ve not had an issue of the hawks taking birds off the feeders.
    What scares me is how close the hawk comes to me. right up under the cover of the front porch. I’m afraid of them. Will a hawk attack a person?

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